Database Management


Web Application Frameworks are software frameworks that aim to reduce the development time of applications targeted specifically for the web. These applications can range from simple dynamic websites to world-wide distributed content management systems.



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License - Apache 2.0

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MonoRail is an MVC framework based on Ruby on Rails. It's built on top of an Object Relational Mapper for .Net called NHibernate.



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License - LGPL 3

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Vely is a general-purpose framework for C programming language, especially well suited for web applications. It's Free Open Source software.

Vely is an alternative to popular web languages and frameworks, with the peformance of C.

Vely offers easy and rapid development, without interpreters or byte-code schemes.


ColdFusion, developed by Adobe, is innovative web developing software with countless features to allow programmers to interact with servers and databases. It also allows developers to easily create rich internet applications that provide full interaction between the user and data on the server and databases.

Important ColdFusion Tags

1) In order to create queries that interact with a database you would use the <cfquery> tag followed by an SQL select statement. Example:

<cfquery name=”Testquery” datasource=”test.db”>SELECT *FROM Students</cfquery>

The one simple line can be used to view and manipulate data from the “Students” table from the “test” database. The cfquery tag can also be used with other SQL statements such as INSERT to insert values into the database that come from the user, UPDATE to update database values, and DELETE to delete data specified by the user.

2) ColdFusion can also be used to connect with Microsoft Exchange Server to implement the use of Microsoft Outlook calendars, contacts, and email. This powerful tool can be used (for example) with rich internet applications for employees to connect and view their email, add and view contacts, and view calendar events. Example:

<cfexchangeconnection action=”open” server=”testserver” username=”bob” password=”bob1”>

This tag would go to the “testserver” and open up a connection with Microsoft Exchange under the “bob” username. Programmers can create a connection that is always open until explicitly told to close (using the <cfexchangeconnection action=”close”> tag), or the connection can be closed immediately after the user is done interacting with it.

3) The <cfmail> tag is used to take information from the user and email it to the intended receiver. Example:

<cfmail to=”” from=”#websiteuser#” subject=”Test Email”>Contents of the email</cfmail>

This tag is useful when the contents of a web form need to be sent to the receiver via email instead of being put into a database.

There are many other ColdFusion tags that are very useful for programmers and developers. The ones listed above only scratch the surface, however they are important in the implementation of a database or exchange server on a website.


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License - Apache 2.0

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Fusebox is a highly standardized framework which relies on strict conventions in order to make work-flow for programmers let decision based.


Spring Framework[]

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License - Apache 2.0 License

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Spring is a popular alternative to Java's Enterprise Javabean model. It is highly modularized and focuses on Aspect Orientation.


Code Igniter[]

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License - Apache 2.0 & BSD License

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Code Igniter is an MVC framework which provides many built-in libraries for common tasks such as XML-RPC, file archiving, pagination, and localization.



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License - BSD License

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Named after jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt, this framework focuses on getting content driven web sites up and running as efficiently as possible. It offer an out-of-the-box administration back-end. It also officially supports PostgreSQL, MySQL, SQLite & Oracle.



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License - MIT License


  • Share as little state as possible.
  • Use clean, carefully chosen, and meaningful URLs.
  • Use templates to separate the model from the presentation.

Key Features[]

  • Continuation - In effect, continuation allows processes that are normally interrupted by a browser's "stop", "forward" and "back" buttons to continue uninterrupted .